A great smile opens the doors to various opportunities and can also improve your professional success. But all are not blessed with an infectious smile and may be suffering from misaligned teeth. While dealing with crooked teeth can make you feel self conscious, lower your confidence and even affect your personality and how you feel, the right orthodontic treatment can help you get the problem corrected and give you back your self confidence.
Orthodontic dentistry focuses on correcting the irregularity of teeth and moving the teeth into the correct positions and alignment using several different methods like dental braces, retainers and even surgery in some extreme cases. The teeth are adjusted and straightened over a period of time based upon the severity of the irregularity of the teeth. Ranging from traditional metal braces to invisible straightening aligners, there are various types of braces which can help you get a straighter smile and improve your appearance and self esteem.
How do Orthodontic Braces work?
Orthodontic Braces work by applying continuous pressure on the teeth to slowly move them to a set direction over time. When the teeth move, bones begin to change their shape too as pressure is applied and gradually that perfect smile is achieved. Beyond merely correct alignment, dental braces help cure open bites and stop misaligned teeth from damaging the inside of the mouth. Often categorized as an aesthetic treatment, braces are at times become necessary to maintain oral health and fix that crooked smile.
Types of Orthodontic Braces
From traditional metal braces to clear aligners, there are several types of braces available as per your budget and the degree of treatment needed.
Traditional braces or metal braces have been used since the 1930’s and basically consist of metal brackets and archwires. These brackets get fixed on the teeth by using a small amount of glue in the center of each tooth and are then connected by archwires. While metal braces are quite noticeable and require proactive maintenance to prevent tooth decay, but with the advent of today’s modern braces, that is a thing of the past! Today’s metal braces have smaller brackets and thus are less noticeable than the earlier known “metal-mouth” braces that many adults feared once.
Lingual braces have the same components as traditional braces but they are fixed to the back of your teeth which gives you both the aesthetic appeal and sturdy straightened teeth.The braces are only visible from close when the person opens their mouth. Thus this option is a popular one for teens and adults for obtaining perfectly aligned teeth as the metal braces remain hidden in their mouth. Besides above advantages, lingual braces might require regular dental visits for readjustment and tightening.
Similar to mouthguard and lacking any sharp edges, Invisalign clear aligners are invisible and offer more convenience as compared to other braces. These are easy to wear, easy to clean, offer more convenience, take less time at the dentist and can also be adjusted by self. (hence no frequent dentist visits are required.
Other types of braces include self-ligating and ceramic braces. All braces are designed for aligning teeth by exerting pressure and hence any discomfort should be reported to your orthodontist immediately.
Caring for your Braces
Maintaining oral health is simply non-negotiable and hence while undergoing any orthodontic treatment, extra vigilance is advisable. Below are some of the important steps to remember:
- Avoid eating sticky and hard foods. They tend to stick to braces or exert high pressure which can lead to chances of damage.
- Follow good oral habits, like brushing and flossing diligently. Proper oral care aids in the process of alignment correction by keeping dental problems at bay.
- If pain is experienced, contact your orthodontist immediately and avoid taking self-medication.
- Regular dental visits as per schedule are strictly recommended for achieving the desired results.
If you are also suffering from crooked teeth and misaligned bites, then orthodontic braces are your one stop shop solution to claim back that mesmerizing smile. Your orthodontist can help you in deciding which braces would suit you best based on the intensity of teeth misalignment.