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Cosmetic Dentistry: Options, Procedures & Side effects

A beautiful smile is always contagious and a smiling face reflects happiness and confidence. However, it’s hard to smile wholeheartedly when you’re not happy with the appearance of your teeth.

Although following an oral hygiene routine regularly may go a long way in maintaining a pretty smile, several aesthetic issues related to your teeth may require the help of a dentist. Cosmetic dentistry is a field dedicated to making your smile healthy and charming. Let us attempt to understand cosmetic dentistry and how it can benefit you.

What is cosmetic dentistry?

Cosmetic dentistry is one of the most popular branches of dental care. It primarily focuses on improvement in dental aesthetics and helps enhance the appearance of a person’s teeth, mouth and smile. The cosmetic dentist incorporates a number of procedures to improve overall dental health as well as appearance to restore a charming smile. As a result, your smile will shine brighter and you will be able to speak more confidently. Thanks to the immense technological advancement, these procedures are now much affordable as well as less painful and more popular than ever. Simple aesthetic rehabilitation procedures can help you maintain good oral health even as you age.

Cosmetic dental procedures

Cosmetic dentistry offers a wide variety of procedures that may range from simple cleaning all the way up to complicated surgeries. Let us have a look at some of the most popular procedures. 

  1. Teeth whitening : This is the most commonly used cosmetic dental procedure. The dentist will apply a solution containing hydrogen peroxide on the surface of the teeth. With the help of laser light, this gel is activated to turn discoloured teeth into pearly whites. Depending on the extent of staining the procedure may take anywhere from 30 to 90 minutes and you may need 1-3 sittings to complete the treatment. 

  2. Veneers : A type of dental laminate made of porcelain is used to cover dental deformities like crowding, cracks or chipping. Custom made for each person, Veneers match the colour and shape of your teeth. Usually two dental appointments are needed to complete the procedure. Veneers can serve you for a long time if you take good care of them. 

  3. Dental Crowns : A dental crown caps or encircles a tooth affected by cavities or a dental implant. It is one of the most common restoration procedures to protect your teeth from further damage. Also they are quite durable and usually last for at least 5-15 years. 

  4. Dental bridges: As the name indicates, dental bridges is a technique used to restore a missing tooth or teeth. A dental bridge could be made of porcelain, alloy or even gold which is fixed to the adjacent natural teeth or an implant. 

  5. Invisalign : Invisalign is the more advanced, easy to use and safer alternative to metal braces. These are clear aligners made of plastics that can be removed easily when you want to eat and for cleaning. Custom-made invisalign sets are available to adjust your teeth to the desired position. 

  6. Cosmetic denture or dental implants : Dental implants is an advanced cosmetic dentistry technique to replace missing teeth and improve your smile. These implants are as strong as your natural teeth and also have the same shape and luster as your teeth. Your dentist will place the implant into the gum by means of dental surgery for a secure and strong fit. 

  7. Tooth bonding: Cracked or chipped tooth and gaps between two teeth may reduce the beauty of your smile. Tooth bonding is an effective technique used by the cosmetic dentist to restore the appearance of such teeth. During this procedure, a tooth colored composite resin is first applied and then hardened with a special light which ultimately helps fill the cracks or gaps and improve the person’s smile. 

Side effects of cosmetic dentistry

A cosmetic dentist is specifically trained to administer these procedures with utmost care. Thus, the patient may not experience any major side effects that will hinder their daily life. But there are several mild side effects that one may face after a cosmetic dental procedure. 

  1. Headache and slight toothache 
  2. Gum bleeding 
  3. Inflammation and irritation in the area 
  4. Tooth sensitivity 
  5. Jaw pain
  6. Bruising and pain in case of a dental surgery

These side effects are temporary and should go away within a day or 2 after the procedure. If they persist, you should discuss it with your dentist. 

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